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BBC World News

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PBS

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00:30:00

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1080

TOPIC FREQUENCY

U.s. 15, China 12, Hugo Chavez 8, North Korea 7, Un 6, Egypt 6, New York 6, Korea 6, Pyongyang 5, Us 4, Brazil 4, Venezuela 3, Rio De Janeiro 3, Bbc News 3, Silvio Berlusconi 3, South Korea 3, Washington 3, America 3, Milan 3, North Koreans 3,
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  PBS    BBC World News    News/Business.  (CC)  

    March 7, 2013
    2:30 - 3:00pm PST  

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slapping on new sanctions. the un punishes north korea for its latest nuclear test, just as pyongyang threatens to strike the u.s. and brazil boasts the largest catholic community in the world. what are they looking for in a new pope? ego to rio de janeiro to find out --we go -- we go to rio de janeiro to find out. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. late today in caracas, venezuela's acting president said that hugo chavez's body will lie in state for at least another seven days. then his body is to be embalmed and permanently displayed in a glass casket. foreign leaders are arriving in venezuela ahead of the state funeral which is due to take place tomorrow.
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the bbc's katty kay -- katty kay is in the capital. what's the latest? >> it is a little bit chaotic. you have all of these foreign dignitaries flying into the country. two u.s. congressmen are here as well as 33 heads of state, all expecting a massive state funeral tomorrow. the government has decided that so many venezuelans want to pay their last respects to hugo chavez, to see his body lying in state, that they are going to extend this period that his body is lying in state indefinitely. the balmy -- the body will be embalmed. it will be put in a glass casket so that venezuelans can file past and see the man that they loved so much. it has let the situation for the funeral up in the air. we think there will be some sort of official ceremony tomorrow, but not actually a funeral.
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the best laid plans of the government have been overturned by the will of the venezuelan people. this crowd is as much a celebration of hugo chavez's life as it is a funeral dirge. it is extraordinary, this queue stretches to four kilometers. you cannot see it. there are mothers, children, grandparents, all taking part in their final farewell to hugo chavez. they benefited from his social policies. >> it is sad because this is the last day we are going to see his body and see his face. >> i came here at 8:00 in the morning with my son. we have artie been in -- already been in. >> people here are in tears.
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it is more than that. these are the people that he gave a sense of respect to and access to power that they never had before. really was, in life, a larger than life -- he really was a larger than life president. in death, he is quickly becoming a religion. >> the cult of hugo chavez, which has rallied the venezuelan people over the last couple of days. they will now have a longer period in which to have him lie in state. it's also a political tool for the government because there is such a lot of sympathy for the government -- for chavez at the moment. what better clinical platform to run on than chavez himself lying in state across the country? >> what struck you most about the mood in venezuela? interesting.y he went down to the line. i stood there for a while -- you went down to the line.
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i stood there for a while. people have been standing out in the heat. it got -- it did not feel like a funeral dirge. it felt like a celebration. a wanted this to be a celebration of hugo chavez's life -- they wanted this to be a celebration of hugo chavez's life. when you speak to people, the tears well up. the atmosphere amongst the crowd was happy. there was music. there were people selling ice cream. there were people selling toys. it is all about chavez, but also a celebration of national pride. >> what are people saying about the future? >> i think at the moment the people -- supporters of chavez are 100% focused on what they have lost. when you speak to members of the opposition, as i did earlier, they are cautiously optimistic that, in the long term, this
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represents a change. the person who will over from nicolas -- from hugo chavez, nicolas maduro, has nothing of chavez's charisma. shaw has managed, with -- chavez managed with a strong, firm hand to hold his followers together. speculation is that maduro will not be able to do that. the country is facing serious problems -- inflation, 30%. this is a country with huge oil reserves, the biggest oil reserves in the world, yet it is having to borrow money from china just to keep its bank balance a float. it is very badly mismanaged economic elite. they think that will give a chance to take on whoever replaces -- economically. they think that will give them a chance to take on whoever replaces chavez. >> when is the actual funeral likely to take place? do we have any idea the moment?
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>> [laughter] i wish i could tell you that. the vice president has said he will be embalmed so that his body can remain visible for all time, like ho chi minh. that is the plan at the moment. he is going to stay in the military academy for another seven days. then he will be moved to the museum of the revolution, which is in a poorer neighborhood of caracas, so that people will be able to see him for all time in his casket. that is where things get a little funny. there is speculation from the vice president that there will be a funeral, perhaps in his home village. i wish i could tell you for sure. the truth is, tonight, we just don't know. >> thank you so much. the world's major powers have sent a strong, unanimous message to korea. the message came in the form of
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tough sanctions passed by the un security council. pyongyang showed no signs of backing down, threatening a preemptive nuclear attack on the united states. the bbc reports. >> a display of the spines of fed -- of defiance ahead of the un security council vote. north korea condemned joint military exercises carried out by america and south korea. "the u.s. is about to ignite a nuclear war. we will exercise our rights to a preemptive nuclear strike against it." the un security council u.s. ambassador -- at the un security council, the u.s. ambassador dismissed the threats. "the vote was unanimous, and included north korea's closest ally, china." when north korea tries -- >> when north korea tries to move money to pay for its nuclear and ballistic missile programs,
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countries must now block those transfers, even if the money is being carried in suitcases full of bulk cash. >> the sanctions are a response to a nuclear test that follow this rocket launch in december. they closed loopholes and strengthened measures imposed in previous revolutions, ring them more in line with un restrictions on it ran -- bringing them more in line with un restrictions on iran. >> defuse the tension. bring down the heat. >> negotiations are not the top priority on the ground. with the u.s. demonstrating its military support for south korea and pyongyang taking its hostile rhetoric to new heights . bbc news at the united nations in new york. >> are more on the tension, i spoke a brief time ago with -- for more on the tension, i
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spoke a brief time ago with a former state department official. north korea has ignored the previous three un sanction resolutions. >> they want to ignore this, but there were two aspects that were very important. first, the unanimous vote, 15-0. china andftors were united states. one of the problems in the past is that they have not been on the same page here they clearly are now -- on the same page. they clearly are now. there are these preposterous threats made earlier today. >> how is this resolution going to stop north korea from building nuclear weapons? >> the resolution will not do that, but china is the key here. if china would put much more pressure on the koreans -- north koreans, economic and political, there is at least the possibility to see some redress.
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without china playing that role, north korea has that safety valve always. that's been the problem with the six-party talks. the republic of korea, south korea, and the u.s. have been united, but china has not always been. >> are they infuriated with north korea -- is china in 38 it -- is china infuriated with north korea? >> they warned them not to conduct the nuclear test. when the north koreans disregarded what china said, that was a loss of face for china. it was not -- and outright repudiation of what the chinese wanted done -- it was an outright repudiation of what the chinese wanted done. china votes for the resolutions, then begins to be much more lenient with the north koreans. the proof will be in the
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pudding as to how the chinese react in the neck several weeks, not just today. -- the next several weeks, not just today. >> how long until a north korean missile could realistically strike in washington, d.c.? >> they are not there yet. they froze -- pose a real threat to their neighbors. for any state to threaten, in a public statement, a preemptive nuclear war, that tells you a lot about the twisted logic of the leadership in pyongyang and how dangerous they are, certainly on a regional basis. >> doesn't seem to you as though though kim jong-un is just as wedded to the -- does it seem to you as though kim jong- un is just as wedded to the nuclear program as his predecessors? >> perhaps because he needs to prove himself. it is not a positive sign. >> the u.s. senate has voted to
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proceed with the nomination of john brennan to be the next director of the cia. senate voted 63-34, with republicans choosing to approve brennan. the judiciary committee in the united states senate has backed the first of president obama's proposals to tighten gun control. the democrat-controlled committee approved tougher penalties for firearms traffickers. there will be tougher background checks on people buying guns. the head of kenya's election commission says the problems with counting votes from monday's general election were caused by computer programming errors. he says a software bug in the database multiplied the number of rejected votes by a factor of 8. the latest results give the front runner, uhuru kenyatta, just under 50% of the vote, raising the prospects of a runoff election.
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a man described as a spokesman and son-in-law of osama bin laden has been arrested and will stand trial in new york. u.s. authorities have confirmed that sulaiman abu ghaith was charged with conspiracy to kill u.s. nationals. our washington correspondent has the details. he is with me now. what can you tell me about these charges? bmi we have just had the indictment released by the court in new york -- >> we have just had the indictment released by the court in new york. abu ghaith has been charged with one count of conspiracy to kill u.s. citizens here he is the son-in-law of osama bin laden. he was -- to kill u.s. citizens. he is the son-in-law of osama bin laden. he was a key member of osama bin laden's inner circle. the day after the 9/11 attacks, we saw him in a video on long side -- alongside osama bin laden.
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he said a great army is gathering against you. he called them the nation of islam. you go into battle against jews, christians, and the americans -- he said, "a great army as is gathering against you," he called them the nation of islam . "to go into battle against jews, christians, and the americans." we have the prospect of an al qaeda-related detainee and suspect appearing in civilian court in new york. secondly, the authorities want to put across the message that time does not lessen the crime. the impact of 9/11 is still here after all these years. listen to the quote for him the -- from the attorney. he said, "the memory of those attacks is indelibly etched on
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the american psyche. today is the latest example of our commitment to capturing and punishing the enemies of the u.s., no matter how long it takes." >> you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, taking in the amazing sights of egypt. it is a tough sale to get people to spend their money here. and italian politics, never a dull moment. today, there was even more to -- drama. former prime minister silvio berlusconi was published -- was sentenced to a year in prison for publishing that i that conversation in his family's newspaper. -- was sentenced to a year in prison for publishing a private conversation in his family's newspaper. >> his latest legal drama in court in milan. he was involved in the publication of illegally
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obtained wiretap information, apparently in an effort to damage a political rival. the judge sentenced mr. berlusconi to 12 months in jail and the newspaper's publisher to more than 2 years. the ex-prime minister is certain to appeal. he always argues that his legal troubles are the work of political enemies, milan's judicial system. >> once again, i'm convinced that this -- defending berlusconi in milan is way too difficult. >> whatever his lawyers say, this is another serious blow to mr. berlusconi's reputation. ,e was italy's longest-serving postwar prime minister. he led this major european country through much of the past decade. yet an italian court has now ruled that he should be imprisoned.
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the silvio berlusconi -- silvio berlusconi remains a political force here. just weeks ago, he was out on the campaign trail. when the votes were counted, it became clear that his faction would continue to have a substantial presence in parliament. bbc news, rome. >> today, two british tourists were released in egypt's sinai peninsula after being kidnapped by bedouin gunmen earlier in the day. it is the latest blow to the country's tourism industry, which is still reeling from months of political unrest and the crash of a hot air balloon last week. from luxor, the bbc reports. >> the amazing temple of karnak. parts of the complex are over 3000 years old. pharaoh after pharaoh, chapels,
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obelisks. so if you are coming to appreciate -- so few are coming to appreciate it. a few years ago, 7000 -- several thousand tourists per day were coming here. we are seeing little more than a handful. the revolution led to a dramatic downturn in tourism. shirley and john have been coming here for 20 years. >> it is a revolution -- since the revolution, we have practically been here on our own. >> and you go back home and you tell friends and family that you are heading back to egypt, what is their reaction? >> are you safe going out there ? yes, we feel very safe going out there. there is no reason why nobody should go to egypt. >> this week, some of luxor's
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traders blocks the road to the valley of the kings, demanding their rent come down because of the low number of visitors -- their rent come down. because of the low number of visitors, they say they are not making money. people in the city never thought they would see a day they could not rely on tourism. the hardship is even affecting the horses that pulled the sightseeing carriages. this man runs at charity to care -- runs a charity to care for the animals, many who are being brought in -- this woman runs a charity to care for the animals, many of whom are being brought in malnourished. >> the animal is the one bringing in the money, yet people have got to feed their families. the horses are definitely suffering. >> everyone is suffering. he takes boat trips along the nile. he told us he can wait all day for a single customer that never comes. he feels the world has got it
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wrong about egypt, but he also knows every time there are more reports of violence here, money will be even harder to come by for him. bbc news, luxor. >> egypt's tourism crisis there. as cardinals prepare to elect the next pope, nowhere is the decision being more closely watched than brazil. they have the largest catholic community in the world. the church there is coming under pressure. they are looking for a leader to inspire new -- a new generation of believers. >> the faithful. the second largest basilica in the world. just a few hours drive -- a few hours' drive from rio de janeiro. the catholic church is still one of brazil's most powerful social and political institutions. to before leaving for rome
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participate in the conclave to elect the next pope, the cardinal acknowledged the church needed to modernize. >> the catholics are the major church. we have to adopt thoughtful eyes. a message for the people of the present. as is important for us -- this is important for us. how to present the gospel to the people of nowadays. >> even if the next pope is not from latin america, critics say he must reflect their concerns about poverty, moral guidance, and what is seen as increasingly distant church hierarchy. even here, the catholic church faces many challenges. the most visible challenge comes from the vibrant, evangelical- protestant churches. they are organized, charismatic,
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and attractive to families. squeezed into prayer halls that can barely fit them in, these congregations are more than happy to fund pension -- socially conservative and outspoken -- >> if you are addicted to smoking, drinking, drugs, or you come from a broken home, jesus can give you peace. >> this is a rio shantytown that was visited by pope john the -- pope john paul ii. he is still revered here. him say that link was weakened under the papacy of benedict -- some say that link was weakened under the papacy of benedict. >> you go to the catholic church and you hear the same thing every sunday.
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at the evangelical church, you always see -- hear some great new sermon. >> the catholic church is waking up to the challenge from evangelicals and increasing secularism. revival groups use music and dedicated tv channels to win over hearts, focusing particularly on the young. brazil is not about to lose its status as the world's number one catholic country. the people here want the church and the pope -- a church and of hope more relevant to their daily lives -- and a pope more relevant to their daily lives. >> then israeli government has announced the body of the late president -- the venezuelan government has announced the body of the late president will lie in state another seven days to give his supporters another chance to pay their respects. vice-president nicolas maduro says mr. chavez's body will be embalmed. broadcasts today's
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to a close. you can continue watching for constant updates around the globe on our 24-hour news network. check for local listings. you can watch -- reach me and most of our team at twitter, @ bbcnewsus. thanks for watching. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, fidelity investments, union bank, and zte -- bringing you closer. -- and zte.
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bringing you closer. zte. >> your personal economy is made up of things that matter most, including your career. as those things change, fidelity can help you readjust your retirement plan, rethink how you are invested, and refocus as your career moves forward. wherever you are today, a fidelity ira has a wide range of investment choices that can fit your personal economy. fidelity investments -- turn here. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> brown: the senate today confirmed white house counterterrorism advisor john brennan to be the next director of the c.i.a. good evening. i'm jeffrey brown. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, we get the latest on the vote coming after a fight and a filibuster over the president's authority to order drone strikes on american citizens on u.s. soil. >> brown: then, we update the moves to reach a bipartisan budget deal in washington in a newsmaker interview with house minority leader nancy pelosi. >> we're here because the republicans will not... will not close any special interest tax loopholes in order to reduce the deficit, none. >> woodruff: ray suarez examines the united nations security council's move to impose new
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sanctions on north korea and pyongyang's threat to launch a nuclear strike on the u.s. >> brown: and hari sreenivasan looks at the passage of the nation's strictest abortion law in arkansas, where nearly all procedures will have to be done in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. that's all ahead on tonight's newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: ♪ ♪ moving our economy for 160 years. bnsf, the engine that connects us. >> and by the alfred p. sloan foundation. supportsc